A structured cabling is building or campus telecommunications cabling infrastructure that consists of a number of standardized smaller elements called subsystems. This system is a complete system of cabling and associated hardware, which provides a comprehensive telecommunications infrastructure. This infrastructure offers a wide range of uses, such as to provide tele service or transmit data through a computer system. It shouldn’t be device dependent.
Structured cabling system regarding ownership is defined as a system which begins at a point where the Service Provider (SP) terminates. This point is the line of demarcation or Network Interface Device ( NID ).
For example, in a telephone system installation, the SP furnishes one or more service lines as per the costumer’s requirements. The SP connects the service line at the point of demarcation
Every structural cable system is unique. And this uniqueness is due to the following variations:
Variation’s in Structural Cabling
- The architectural structure of the building, which houses the cabling installation.
- The cable and connection products.
- The functions of cabling installation.
- The type of equipment the cabling installation will support.
- Consumer’s requirements
- Manufacturers warranties
- The configuration of an already installed system.
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Structural cabling falls into six subsystems which are as follows:
- Entrance Facilities
It is a point where the telephone company network ends and connects with the on-premises wiring at the customer premises.
- Backbone cabling
It connects with the equipment or telecommunications room; they are named so as rooms are typically on different floors.
- Equipment Rooms
These are the house equipment and wiring consolidation points that serve the users inside the building or campus.
- Horizontal Cabling
Also known as inside wiring or plenum cabling which connects telecommunications rooms to individual outlets and work area on the floor, usually through the wireways or ceiling spaces of each floor.
Benefits of Structural Cabling
- The consistency of design and installation.
- Conformance to physical and transmission line requirements.
- A basis for examining a proposed system expansion and other changes.
- Uniform Documentation.
The industry standard term for a network installation that serves a relatively small area ( such as a structured cabling installation ) is a Local Area Network (LAN). There are also Metropolitan Area Networks ( MANs ) and Wide Area Networks ( WAN ).
Structural Cabling Installations includes:
- Entrance facilities
- Vertical and horizontal backbone pathways.
- Vertical and horizontal backbone cables.
- Horizontal Pathways
- Horizontal Cables
- Work area outlets
- Equipment rooms
- Telecommunications closets
- Cross-connect facilities
- Transition and Consolidation points.
Structured cabling is a core element of the IT sector and although often taken for granted it is imperative that the solution is designed and installed correctly to ensure that it meets the requirements of today and future generations. Hence, with structured cabling expertise you can run multiple diverse systems- like wireless and Wi-Fi backhaul, lighting, security access controls and sensors with an easy to manage a network that lowers both installation and OPEX costs.